What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a medical condition that results in high blood sugar levels over a period of time. This can occur due to insufficient insulin production or the body’s inability to effectively use the insulin it does produce.
This could lead to serious health problems, such as damage to different organs like the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, and nerves.
Diabetes is a medical condition that occurs when the body is unable to effectively utilize glucose (sugar) for energy. While this can result in severe health complications, it is possible to manage the condition through medication and lifestyle adjustments.
There are different types of diabetes, and each one has its own set of symptoms, causes, and treatments.
Types of diabetes:
There is two main type of Diabetes: –
- Type-I Diabetes
- Type-II Diabetes
What is Type-I Diabetes?
Type-I diabetes is a severe medical condition in which the levels of sugar in your blood are excessively high due to the inability of your body to produce insulin, a hormone. Insulin is a vital substance that facilitates the entry of sugar in our blood into cells, which provides energy to our bodies. The presence of insulin is crucial for survival as life without it is impossible.
What is Type II Diabetes?
Type-II diabetes is a medical condition that can gradually occur, causing high levels of blood sugar. This is due to insufficient insulin production or poor insulin response in the body, which results in improper sugar utilization and potential long-term health issues. Typically, the cause of this condition is related to problems with insulin production.
What Causes Diabetes?
All forms of diabetes have one thing in common: they result in the body having an excess of sugar (glucose) in the bloodstream. This sugar is responsible for providing us with energy and is produced when the body breaks down the carbohydrates we consume.
Your pancreas will release the appropriate amount of insulin in response to glucose in your bloodstream, provided that you do not have diabetes. However, if you have diabetes, this mechanism may not function properly.
Complications of Diabetes:
Did you know that elevated glucose levels in your bloodstream can result in long-term health issues like heart disease, blindness, foot troubles, and kidney failure? Fortunately, receiving proper treatment can significantly reduce the risk of complications from such ailments. The good news is that with diligent care, many individuals can continue to enjoy healthy lives.
Managing diabetes with medication and a nutritious diet can be a crucial step in preventing potential complications.
Diabetes is a condition where the blood sugar level rises excessively, leading to various symptoms. Symptoms of diabetes occur due to elevated blood sugar levels.
- Feeling more hungry
- If you feeling more thirsty
- If you urinate a lot, especially in the nighttime.
- If you have Blurred Vision
- Feeling tired
- Losing weight
- Loss of body muscle in bulk
- If wounds take a longer time to heal
- If you are feeling numbness in your hands and feet
- Dry skin
- Increased thrust
- Virginal dryness in women
- Urinary tract infections in women
- Itchy & dry skin
- Erectile dysfunction in men
- Decreased sex drive
Treatment of Diabetic:
Diabetes is treated by doctors using various medications, some of which are taken orally while others are administered through injections.
The combination of diabetes medications with a healthy diet and regular exercise is highly recommended for achieving the best outcomes. However, it’s worth noting that the effectiveness of these medications can be influenced by various factors, including dosage and timing.
The treatment plans for diabetic patients will vary depending on the type of diabetes and its cause, as determined by the doctor.
Healthy Lifestyle & Diet Advice for Diabetic person:
- Managing diabetes and blood sugar can be difficult if one is unsure of how to start. However, implementing a balanced diet, remaining active, and minimizing stress can aid in slowing down the advancement of diabetes.
- There is no one specific diabetic diet, but a healthy, low-calorie diet that includes plenty of fruits and vegetables may help control your diabetes.
- Eating a regularly healthy and balanced diet helps control blood sugar levels, and it’s very important to eat small meals throughout the day to avoid high blood sugar levels.
- There are different types of sweeteners:- There are various alternatives to sugar that can be used as sweeteners. Stevia is an example of a sweetener that doesn’t significantly impact blood sugar levels, while natural sweeteners such as dates, jaggery, maple syrup, and honey have a lesser effect on blood sugar. It’s recommended to experiment with different sweeteners to find your preferred option, but it’s important to avoid excessive consumption as excess sugar can be detrimental to health.
- Fresh Fruits, vegetables, and beans are good for your health because they have a lot of fiber.
- Proteins and fats have a slower digestion rate compared to carbs, hence maintaining stable blood sugar levels. Combining carbs and proteins results in a slower digestion process, which in turn helps stabilize blood sugar levels.
- Taking cinnamon, fenugreek seeds, and black pepper decoction before bedtime can help keep your cholesterol in check.
- Walnuts are good for your health because they reduce inflammation, blood sugar, and bad cholesterol levels.
- Bitter gourd is a type of herb that has healing properties for skin problems.
- To keep your blood sugar levels under control, you need to do exercises that work for large muscle groups. These exercises can be done for 30 minutes per day.
- A good night’s sleep is important to keep your blood sugars balanced. You need to get at least 7 to 9 hours of sleep each night to stay healthy.
- To reduce your stress, try reading a book, doing a hobby, or spending time outside. This can help reduce the severity of diabetes.
- Regular checkups are important to keep your health and well-being in check. You should see your doctor at least thrice a year.
- Quit Smoking: – Smoking can increase your chance of getting health problems, including obesity. It can also make it more difficult to stay physically active. Talk to your doctor about ways to quit smoking.
- Avoid Alcohol consumption: – If you want to keep your blood sugar under control, don’t drink too much beer, wine, and liquor. Drinking too much can lead to too much sugar in your blood.